data mining term paper

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Prometheus, Adam, and Christ hang between heaven and earth, between a world of paradisal freedom and a world of bondage.

Tragic heroes are so much the highest points in their human landscape that they seem the inevitable conductors of the power about them, great trees more likely to be struck by lightning than a clump of grass. No, though this is usually the most logical place for it. Sometimes a transitional sentence or two will come before a topic sentence:. We found in comedy that the term bomolochos or buffoon need not be restricted to farce, but could be extended to cover comic characters who are primarily entertainers, with the function of increasing or focusing the comic mood.

The corresponding contrasting type is the suppliant, the character, often female, who presents a picture of unmitigated helplessness and destitution. Such a figure is pathetic, and pathos, though it seems a gentler and more relaxed mood than tragedy, is even more terrifying. Its basis is the exclusion of an individual from the group; hence it attacks the deepest fear in ourselves that we possess—a fear much deeper than the relatively cosy and sociable bogey of hell.

In the suppliant pity and terror are brought to the highest possible pitch of intensity, and the awful consequences of rejecting the suppliant for all concerned is a central theme of Greek tragedy. The context for this passage is an extended discussion of the characteristics of tragedy. In this paragraph, Frye begins by drawing a parallel between the figure of the buffoon in comedy and that of the suppliant in tragedy. His discussion of the buffoon occurred in a earlier section of the chapter, a section devoted to comedy. The first sentence of the current paragraph is transitional: it prepares the way for the topic sentence.

Why do we need to take a critical approach to reading?

Chesterton e. Accordingly, Hurston shows not bitterness towards Whites but anger contained and difference in action; Belloc himself incarnates the respect, patience, and craft that his essay is all about. The terms of praise apply almost equally to the essayist as to the critic. Nor is it enough to say that it is both.


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It is, of course, true that the essay is historically and traditionally the form that criticism has taken. The numbers have dwindled since the founding of university presses and of the Modern Language Association in the late nineteenth century. A few years ago, the essayist and then-editor of The American Scholar , Joseph Epstein, observed, lamenting, that the last place you would be likely to find an essay is in the pages of the PMLA. It also always insists on embodied truth.

Neither quite one thing nor absolutely another, the essay bears traces of both one thing and another to borrow terms from Derrida and deconstruction. Bred by reading and mentored by writing, the essay may best be viewed as a site rather than a thing, or genre: a place where apparent opposites meet and may cross. Is it literature, or journalism? An example and an instance of creative writing or of what is called composition, perhaps advanced composition?

Study Guides and Strategies

As a student and a professor of the essay, I was—I am now retired——afforded a place in our creative-writing program, in which I rested—if at all—rather uncomfortably I was a site—and no doubt a sight. Key, I would suggest, is this: Borrowing a term from T. In its manner, in fact, the essay appears open, inviting, welcoming, even irenic, but it is a mistake to assume therefore that the essay lacks backbone, strong, courage, conviction, or determination.

Truth to tell, the essay insists on its non-insistent manner. With essays, paradox abounds. The temptation appears to be to kill off the essay, and not merely ignore or dismiss it. We all, though, or so it seems, have trouble with those who refuse to simplify and reduce, who insist on the necessity of tension, as did T. There would always be a tension. Unconsciousness is precisely, I am suggesting, what we do not wish to awake from, or be awakened from, as by essayists who exist in and embrace the tension that threatens our slumber and our false sense that security is possible.

Professionalization, such as that ushered in by the MLA and the ascendancy of universities especially as weaned on the Germanic models, necessarily entails the drawing of distinctions, the making of difference, and the creation of sectarianism. With definition, or the quest of it, follows the article and the monograph, that is, the article writ large.

Thesis in an Interpretive Response (English II Writing)

The professional knows , or at least claims and pretends to, however narrow his or her scope and range; indeed, the restriction, and the definition, precisely allows him to know. Richard Busby:. When Reason doubtful, like the Samian letter, Points him two ways, the narrower is the better. To ask, to guess, to know, as they commence, As fancy opens the quick springs of Sense, We ply the Memory, we load the brain,. Bind rebel Wit, and double chain on chain, Confine the thought, to exercise the breath; And keep them in the pale of Words till death.

Eventually Dulness herself caps the presentations, summarizing her essential direction and determined goals:. See Nature in some partial narrow shape, And let the Author of the Whole escape: Learn but to trifle; or, who most observe,. The tension that marks, and indeed characterizes, the essay as form creates further, significant effects. In that sense, a directness obtains, the reader present. Indeed, in essays the Derridean sense of a desire for presence is actively present and effective: Readers want closeness, and writers of essays accommodate.

Additional Pre-reading Strategies:

And yet—the essay is, as I argue in Tracing the Essay , very much an indirect form. As a result, indirectness exists alongside—although not always in peaceful coexistence with—a desire for presence and the directness that is its confrere. What I have been at pains to describe, and account for, may be suggested by the term independent spirit.

In this paragraph, Frye begins by drawing a parallel between the figure of the buffoon in comedy and that of the suppliant in tragedy.

Thesis in an Interpretive Response (English II Writing) | Texas Gateway

His discussion of the buffoon occurred in a earlier section of the chapter, a section devoted to comedy. The first sentence of the current paragraph is transitional: it prepares the way for the topic sentence. In essays, the connection is usually between the last paragraph and the current one. Sometimes writers save a topic sentence for the end of a paragraph. You may, for example, occasionally find that giving away your point at the beginning of a paragraph does not allow you to build your argument toward an effective climax. Why have you chosen to include the information you have?

Why is the paragraph important in the context of your argument? What point are you trying to make?


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  8. Relating your topic sentences to your thesis can help strengthen the coherence of your essay. If you include a thesis statement in your introduction, then think of incorporating a keyword from that statement into the topic sentence. But you need not be overly explicit when you echo the thesis statement. Better to be subtle rather than heavy-handed.