Embeds 0 No embeds. No notes for slide. Writing chapter 3 1. Writing Chapter 3: Methods and Procedure Begin the chapter with a brief explanation of what the chapter is all about. The common introductoryexplanation is as follows:Writing the Introductory Paragraph This chapter presents the discussion on the research methodology of the study, the subjects, samplingtechnique, research instruments, procedure of data gathering, and statistical treatment that will be uses foraccurate data analysis and interpretationResearch Methodology This section specifies what method of research will be used — descriptive, correlational, experimental, ordocumentary analysis.
Subjects are personsinvestigated in the study. When learning abilities of pre-school pupils are being assessed in the study, the pre-school pupils are the subjects. Respondents, therefore, are providers of information needed inthe study, elicited orally or in writing. It is important to state your number of subjects or respondents and who they are.
Also, explain how thenumber will be decided upon. Sampling Technique Explain what sampling technique will be used — random, purposive, stratified, etc. Research Instruments It is necessary to have a separate discussion for this, if several research instruments have been utilized inthe study. Research instruments are questionnaires, tests, interviews, observations, etc. Procedures of Data Gathering Identify your sources of data. If a questionnaire will be used, explain what kind and how it will be constructed if it is original, how it is pre-tested, distribution, retrieval, collation, etc.
Also,include the scale or verbal interpretation for the statistical processing of your data; mention the name of theoffice or agency, or the person taking charge of it.
WRITING CHAPTER 3: THE METHODOLOGY
For proposals, future tense verbs should beemployed. It also describes the subjects of the study, the instruments used, the procedure of data gathering, and the statistical treatment of the data. Method of Research Used The descriptive, experimental, and survey methods of research will be used in this study. Descriptive because its main concern is to get the holistic view of the characteristics of the subjects exposed to blended learning as well as those receiving the textbook-based instruction.
This study is also experimental because two sets of subjects experimental and control will be compared in terms of their performance in English subjects. Pretest and posttest scores of the subjects will also be compared. Both quantitative and qualitative research shall be observed as it will elicit opinions and numerical data from the respondents through survey questionnaire. Subjects of the Study In this experimental study, 10 classes sections of CEU English teachers will be selected to participate in the process.
Five sections of which will comprise the experimental group, and the other five sections, the control group. Students receiving blended instruction will be chosen as experimental group of the study. Those receiving classroom instruction will be the control group.
The subjects and respondents of this study will be the first-year students of Centro Escolar University enrolled Mendiola and in Makati. A total of three hundred seventy-five students will be composed of the experimental and control groups. They will be handled by five faculty members in Communication Skills 1 in the first semester of school year As seen in figures 1 and 2, ten sections will be chosen to participate in theexperiment.
Five sections experimental will be exposed to blended instruction; while theother five control , to the classroom traditional instruction. Each teacher will handle onecontrol and one experimental sections that are comparable based on their pretest and GPA. The control group will total students and the experimental group, students.
Therefore, Sections will comprise the Control group as shown in Figure 1; and Sections will comprise the Experimental group, Figure 2. Sampling Technique Used Convenience sampling will be utilized in this research. Since the researcher teachesin the College of Nursing, she will use Nursing students as her subjects and respondents. The four groups will be selected on the basis of their comparability computed statistically.
After determining them, the researcher will subject the two sections to online instruction,and the other two to the traditional way. Research Instruments Used The following instruments will be used in the conduct of the research: 1. Teacher-made tests. These alsocomprise the pretest and posttests. Validation of Instruments The 10 expert faculty members will validate the questionnaire. Theircorrections and suggestions will be incorporated in the draft for the next stage ofvalidation. The 15 students who will not be included as the final respondents will beasked to answer the questionnaires.
- Step 1: Explain your methodological approach.
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Their responses will be tested for reliability. Procedure of Data Gathering This study will consist of eight stages: Stage 1 deals with the training of English faculty members to blendedinstruction. All English teachers in the International Languages department will betrained in the computer laboratory for one week. The background characteristics collected from respondents enables answering the research questions on differences in practice and opinions on the future of advertising in the hospitality sector according to age, gender and experience In this sub-section, you tell the reader about the data collection techniques you used.
Excerpt of the 'Data Collection Techniques' sub-section:. The Questionnaire was mailed to each respondent selected for the study, accompanied by a cover letter Appendix D and a coded postage-paid, self-addressed return envelope.
How to Write Research Methodology in Four Steps | With Examples
Respondents were requested to complete the Questionnaire and return it through post within 2 weeks. A postcard reminder Appendix E was sent to each recipient of the Questionnaire. According to Suskie , reminding recipients to complete the Questionnaire contributes to the likelihood of of doubling the initial response rate after the first mailing Generally, you have 3 options:. The population for this study comprised all human resourcse directors in banks in the state of Sabah. Eligibility criteria specify the characteristics that people in the population must have 10 years experience in their organsiation to be included in the study.
In this study, the sample participants had to aged 50 and above, had a masters degree, been in their present position for at least 5 years and willing to participate in the study. Some experts suggest that pilot-tests are not important for qualitative research while others suggest it would be useful for novice researchers to do pilot-test.
For example, if you are using interviews for the first time, it would advisable for you to conduct interview as a pre-exercise to get used to the type of data collection. The pilot test will assist the researcher in determining if there are flaws, limitations, or other weaknesses within the interview design and enable the researcher to make necessary revisions prior to the implementation of the study.
However, the informants or participants involved in the pilot-test should similar to the informants involved in the final study. It has also been suggested that the pilot test can the researcher with the refinement of research questions. Excerpt for 'Pilot Study':. A pilot-study was conducted with 3 senior managers and were interviewed at their workplace. The interview was audio-recorded to ensure correct use of the device.
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During the exercise, attention was given to body language and non-verbal responses and the manner of asking questions. As the researcher was the main data collection instrument, the pilot-study provided an insight into phenomenon studied, increased experience in interviewing as well as enhanced interpersonal skills. Also errors in interviewing skills were rectified and not repeated in the main study. This chapter discussed the research methodology of the study and described the research design, population, sample, data-collection instrument and ethical considerations. Chapter 4 covers the data analysis.
As mentioned earlier, in Chapter 3, you write about the research design, data collection methods, selection of the sample, the pilot test, instrumentation and others. Academic Phrasebank by Dr. John Morley, The University of Manchester. Excerpt of a 'Preamble' sub-section : "Bullying continues to be a problem in schools. Show how the method you have chosen helped accomplish the goals of the study.
Excerpt of the 'Research Design' sub-section: The survey design was used for this study and administered to a selected sample from a specific population of advertising managers in the hospitality industry in the state of Penang, Malaysia. Did you administer the Questionnaire to the sample by assembling them in one location [such as a classroom, auditorium and so forth]? Did you make available the Questionnaire online [such as through Survey Monkey]?
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How was the Interview conducted? Did you conduct the interview and where was it conducted? Excerpt of the 'Data Collection Techniques' sub-section: The Questionnaire was mailed to each respondent selected for the study, accompanied by a cover letter Appendix D and a coded postage-paid, self-addressed return envelope. Generally, you have 3 options: Use an existing instrument which is available commercially - example is the well-known Eysenck Personality Test Adapt an existing instrument to meet your needs - describe in detail how you adapted the instrument. Are the items divided into sections?
What are the sections? What does each section measure? Items 7 to 13 is regarding 'facility maintenance'. If you intend to make inferences based on the results you obtain from the sample of 10 supervisors to the population, explain how accurately the sample represents the population. Outline the procedures you adopted for selecting the sample of 10 supervisors including justification for the sampling method or sampling procedure; i. How did you determine the size of the sample?